In the middle of the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have witnessed two cyclones Tauktae and Yaas. Cyclones significantly impact life and property, such as storms, floods, tornadoes, and lighting. So, let’s try understanding a few Facts About Cyclones and how are they formed.
According to the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP) losses due to natural disasters equate to up to 2% of India’s GDP and up to 12% of Central government revenue.
“Over the past 50 years, 1942 disasters have been attributed to tropical cyclones, which killed 779 324 people and caused US$ 1 407.6 billion in economic losses – an average of 43 deaths and US$ 78 million in damages every day.” Refer: WMO
How cyclones are formed?
A system of winds when rotating inwards to an area or epicenter of low pressure, with an anticlockwise or clockwise movement is called a cyclone. The strength and formation of a cyclone will always depend on the speed and direction of the wind, humidity, and temperature.
What are the types of cyclones?
There are primarily two types of cyclones, classified based on the location of origin:
- Tropical cyclones
- These are the cyclones that occur between Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
- Extratropical Cyclones
- These are the cyclones that form along the frontal boundaries in the middle latitudes that is why these are sometimes also called midlatitude cyclones.
How cyclones are named?
- World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific’s panel on Tropical Cyclones are responsible for naming the cyclones.
- There are thirteen countries who get a chance to name it on a rotational basis. These countries are India, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Oman, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Yemen, and Iran.
Some of the cyclones which have impacted India in the past are as follows: –
- Cyclone Tauktae
- Cyclone Yaas
- Cyclone Nisarga
- Cyclone Vayu
- Cyclone Bulbul
Contributed By: Harshita Joshi, Class 8th who loves to write articles, create vblogs, participate in competitions like quizzes, painting, poster making, as well as article writing competitions. She is also an animal lover who tries to reach and play with free-ranging animals, especially cows, dogs, and cats.