It’s good news for Astronauts from NASA’s Perseverance Rover, as it is going to make breathable air on Mars. An experimental device called MOXIE (Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment), about the size of a toaster, split carbon dioxide molecules into their component parts, creating breathable oxygen. The amount of oxygen generated was enough to make tiny amounts of rocket fuel. Scientists are working on making fuel for the return journey to Earth, which is the primary objective of the experiment. MOXIE flew to Mars with Perseverance Rover, which reached the Red Planet on February 18.
According to Hecht, principal investigator Michael Hecht of MIT, MOXIE is a prototype for the device the astronauts could use to make rocket fuel in the future.