State of the Education Report for India 2020

State of the Education Report

The ‘State of the Education Report for India 2020: Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), was launched virtually today by UNESCO New Delhi, with over 400 attendees, including representatives from the government, civil society, academia, partners, and youth.

The second edition of the State of Education Report focuses on technical and vocational education and training (TVET). India’s often cited demographic dividend, the aspirations of its youth, and the skill requirements of the growing economy – all hinge on a well-functioning TVET system for achieving an inclusive and equitable growth that will propel the country to the next phase of socio-economic development. The report aims to support the Government of India which has already announced skills development as a key national priority under the Skill India Mission.

The Report provides an overview of the present capacity for TVET provision through short-term and long-term courses, by the state as well as non-state actors, and also through educational institutions such as schools, colleges, and universities. It discusses previous education policies and the approach to TVET provision in the light of the priorities of the country as reflected in NEP 2020, as also the priorities that have come with the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations (UN).

Finally, in order to achieve evidence-based results, the Report outlines a set of ten recommendations that should be adopted to help achieve the stated vision for TVET in the country. These include critical recommendations for informal workers who make up the largest portion of India’s workforce. In particular, the report makes important recommendations towards preserving and promoting India’s vast reserves of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, an activity that can create livelihoods for large numbers of its citizens and also instill a sense of pride and ownership among the youth.

The ten recommendations are:

  1. Place learners and their aspirations at the center of vocational education and training programmes
  2. Create an appropriate ecosystem for teachers, trainers, and assessors
  3. Focus on upskilling, re-skilling, and lifelong learning
  4. Ensure inclusive access to TVET for women, differently-abled and disadvantaged learners
  5. Massively expand the digitalization of vocational education and training
  6. Support local communities to generate livelihoods by engaging in the preservation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage
  7. Align better with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  8. Deploy innovative models of financing TVET
  9. Expand evidence-based research for better planning and monitoring
  10. Establish a robust coordinating mechanism for inter-ministerial cooperation

To illustrate the report, the following audio-visual package is available free of copyright:

  1. Summary video – underlining the 10 recommendations of the Report
  2. Experiences of a vocational education trainee – Arvind Kumar a trainee at Learnet Delhi shares his aspirations after pursuing a welding technician course
  3. Experiences of a vocational education trainer – Bhanupriya a vocational trainer shares her motivating experience of empowering lives in a short duration

We also have a collection of free of copyright in action images on TVET and some raw footage from technical and vocational institutes.  Should you wish access to them, kindly contact Rekha Beri ( or Nitya Agarwal (

Click here to read the press release on State of the Education Report for India 2020 by UNESCO.

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