Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Israeli counterpart Benjamin Netanyahu attended a ceremony on 14th January 2018, at the Teen Murti, New Delhi to mark the formal renaming of Teen Murti Chowk as “Teen Murti Haifa Chowk”. Teen Murti – Haifa Chowk has three idols that are made of copper, representing the Hyderabad, Jodhpur, and Mysore lancers. And this has a deep-rooted historical connection with Israel.
To know more about the Teen Murti Haifa Chowk, let’s go back to history.
In 1918, World War 1 was at its peak, and the city of Haifa was under the hold of the German-Turkish forces. The Allied Forces were trying their best to control every strategic port, including Haifa to gain advantage and win the war. Haifa was one of the supply bases, as it had very good rail access and harbor.
The British forces which had Imperial Service Troops from the princely states of Hyderabad, Mysore, Patiala, Alwar, and Jodhpur; it was initially called the Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade.
On 23rd September 1918, the Cavalry Brigade, led by lancers from Jodhpur and Mysore Lancers, as well as contingents from Bhavanagar, Baroda, Idar and Jamnagar forces attacked the German-Turkish troops and seized the city of Haifa.
Captain Amar Singh Bahadur, Dafadar Jor Singh, Major Dalpat Singh, Captain Anop Singh, and 2nd Lt Sagat Singh were among the 400 Indian soldiers who fought for Israel that day.
While Captain Amar Singh Bahadur, Dafadar Jor Singh, Major Dalpat Singh were awarded the Indian Order of Merit (IOM); Major Dalpat Singh, Captain Anop Singh and 2nd Lt Sagat Singh were awarded the Military Cross (MC).
Today also 23rd September is remembered every year as Haifa Day by the Indian Army to pay its respects to the Indian Cavalry Regiments, Mysore, and Jodhpur Lancers, which participated to liberate Hafia in Israel.
Since you are here, you should also know the following points: –
- World War I, also known as the 1st World War, lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
- The war was fought between the Central Powers and Allied Forces.
- Central Powers was represented mainly by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey, while the Allied Forces were mainly represented by France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and, from 1917, the United States.
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